Journal of Agricultural Science & Engineering Innovation (JASEI) <p>The <strong><em>Journal of Agricultural Science &amp; Engineering Innovation (JASEI) </em></strong>is a peer-reviewed interdisciplinary journal, published bimonthly and fully refereed, which focuses on the parts of exact, natural, economic, and social sciences used in the practice and understanding of agriculture. It also focuses on the agricultural relevance basis for common, complex diseases and experiments to study them. Manuscripts that meet the general criteria of significance and academic excellence are welcome to be submitted. Accepted papers will be published shortly after acceptance. </p> <p>JASEI includes genetics and plant breeding, horticulture, agronomy, soil science, entomology, plant pathology, plant science, crop physiology, animal science, veterinary science, aquaculture, food science and technology, agricultural engineering, agricultural machinery, post-harvest technology, genetic engineering, and biotechnology, microbial biotechnology, <wbr />agricultural extension, agricultural development, agricultural economics, rural development, sustainable agriculture, organic agriculture, forestry, environmental technology, food security, and other related fields. </p> <div> <div><strong>Some of the key features</strong></div> <div>1. Completely open access</div> <div>2. There are no publication charges at the moment</div> <div>3. Format-free submissions are acceptable, and our editing service can help you adjust your manuscript to fit the journal's format for free.</div> <div>4. You can send your manuscript directly to and our technical team can help you create an online submission profile</div> <div>5. The grammatical check service is free for accepted manuscripts</div> <div>6. Quick publication process</div> </div> en-US <p>This work is licensed under a <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License</a>.</p> (Chief Editor) (Technical Staff) Sun, 17 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Development of Four Crop Based Cropping Pattern Mustard-Boro-T. Aus-T. Aman Against Fallow-Boro-Fallow-T. Aman Rice <p>A trial was conducted at multi-location testing (MLT) site Ranigonj, Dinajpur and Ghoraghat, Dinajpur under On-Farn Research Division (OFRD) during 2015-16 and 2016-17 to develop an economically sustainable and profitable cropping patterns, viz. Mustard (var. BARI Sarisha-14)-Boro (var. BRRI dhan28)- T. Aus (var. BRRI dhan48)-T. Aman (var. BRRI dhan62) against the farmers existing pattern Fallow- Boro (var. BRRI dhan28)- T. Aman (var. Swarna)-Fallow. The experiment was carried out in RCB design with six dispersed replications. Over both locations two years average results showed that the highest rice equivalent yield 20.82 tha<sup>-1</sup> was obtained from four crops pattern. The highest average gross return and gross margin of the four crops pattern were obtained Tk. 333160 ha<sup>-1</sup> and Tk.146463 ha<sup>-1</sup> which was 93.70% and 122.58% higher over farmers existing pattern. The mean marginal benefit cost ratio (MBCR) was found 2.03 which indicated the superiority of four crops pattern over the farmers existing pattern. Both locations two years result showed that Grain yield of inclusion T. Aus rice and mustard yield were satisfactory that indicates the superiority of the alternate pattern over the farmer’s practice. So, it could be grown one after another in a sequence in the farmers field of Dinajpur region in Bangladesh.</p> Md. Nuruzzaman, Mahbuba Khanum, Md. Mahfuz Bazzaz, Sheikh Istiaque, Md. Zahidul Islam Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Agricultural Science & Engineering Innovation (JASEI) [U.S. ISSN 2694 -4812] Sun, 17 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Genotype-by-Environment interactions in Maize hybrids using GGE-biplot and AMMI model <p>Evaluation of the productivity and performance of maize hybrid genotypes in variable environments is a basic demand for releasing varieties. The purpose of this research was to assess the yield, performance, and stability of maize hybrids and to identify suitable environments for maize production in Bangladesh. The maize hybrid Sunshine produced the highest yield (11.24 t ha<sup>-1</sup> to 12.85 t ha<sup>-1</sup>) followed by Kaveri 60 (7.04 t ha<sup>-1</sup> to 12.72 t ha<sup>-1</sup>). Genotype ×environment interaction effects have influential effects on the yield of maize hybrids. The sums of squares of GGE were found as 43.96% and 24.2%, respectively, for the principal component 1 (PC1) and principal component 2 (PC2), respectively. In the biplot polygon view, there were six rays that divided the biplot into six sectors and the six environmental locations were accommodated within four sectors. Jessore was determined as the typical test environment for the country followed by Bhurrirhut and Jamalpur. Ideal testing sites would provide information to identify the superior maize hybrids to minimize the expenses of the country. Considering the yield potentiality and stability, Sunshine, 9MS/S5-1×BIL-114 and, 9MS/S7-9×BIL-114 were found as the most stable and high yield producing hybrids across the six environmental conditions. Therefore, these three genotypes were identified as the best hybrids over the locations of Bangladesh.</p> Shahadat Hossain, Md. Sarowar Alam, Sadia Sabrina Alam, Md. Bikash Sarker, Md Amraul Islam Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Agricultural Science & Engineering Innovation (JASEI) [U.S. ISSN 2694 -4812] Sun, 17 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Impact of Climate Variability and Vulnerability on livelihood <p>Climate variability and vulnerability have a range of impacts on livelihood. It is likely that food insecurity will progress more rapidly with rising temperatures and variable rainfall. Hence, the aim of this study is to assess to assess climate vulnerability on livelihoods, and coping Mechanism in selected three Woredas’ of Bale lowland. The study was conducted in Six PA’s of the Rayitu, Dawe Qachen and Guradamole Woreda .In order to achieve these objectives, the study collected data from primary and secondary sources. The primary data collected by using data gathering tools such as FGDs (6), key informant interviews (50) and household survey (436). The study finding showed that the fluctuation of climate makes the on livelihood of the pastoralist community vulnerable in affecting their crop and livestock productivity of the pastoralists’ community. Furthermore, the finding of the study also showed that there have to be an appropriate adaptation mechanism to the changing and fluctuating climate as well as it increases pastoralists community awareness about Mechanism by which climate variability to reduce the impact and also to increase institutional involvement with different intervention Mechanism. The vulnerability of climate fluctuation exacerbated by lack of adaptation and commitment from both pastoralists and local institutions. Since pastoralists are prioritizing their immediate benefits rather than sustainable development. To cope with the vulnerability the societies use saving, migration diversification, dissemination of technology and provision of safety nets to some lowlanders and emergency aid is among the coping Mechanism provided by the government institution. Based on the findings and results of the study the following recommendations suggested to minimize the vulnerability of the pastoral communities. Improve agricultural production, build on existing people’s knowledge and practices, strengthen local capacity to manage risks through local civil society organizations, foster institutional linkages for livelihood sustainability, and improve the coverage and quality of climate data.</p> Dejene Taye Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Agricultural Science & Engineering Innovation (JASEI) [U.S. ISSN 2694 -4812] Sun, 17 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000